Bloom’s Taxonomy is a powerful tool to help develop learning objectives because it explains the process of learning. The terminology has been recently updated to include the following 6 levels of learning. These 6 levels can be used to structure the learning objectives, lessons, and assessments of the course of study and preparation for your exams.
Remembering: Retrieving, recognising, and recalling relevant knowledge from long‐term memory.
Understanding: Constructing meaning from oral, written, and graphic messages through interpreting, exemplifying, classifying, summarising, inferring, comparing, and explaining.
Applying: Carrying out or using a procedure for executing, or implementing.
Analyzing: Breaking material into constituent parts, determining how the parts relate to one another and to an overall structure or purpose through differentiating, organizing, and attributing.
Evaluating: Making judgments based on criteria and standards through checking and critiquing.
Creating: Putting elements together to form a coherent or functional whole; reorganising elements into a new pattern or structure through generating, planning, or producing.
Like other taxonomies (cheem way of saying "categorisations"), Bloom’s is hierarchical, meaning that learning at the higher levels is dependent on having attained prerequisite knowledge and skills at lower levels. You will see Bloom’s Taxonomy often displayed as a pyramid graphic to help demonstrate this hierarchy.
Simply, before you can understand a concept, you must remember it. To apply a concept you must first understand it. In order to evaluate a process, you must have analyzed it. To create an accurate conclusion, you must have completed a thorough evaluation.
However, we don’t always start with lower order skills and step all the way through the entire pyramid for each concept. That approach would become tedious! Instead, start by considering your current level of learning in your preparation.
Fortunately, there are “verb tables” to help identify which action verbs match each level in Bloom’s Taxonomy. The use of a particular verb (code snippet) determines the Bloom’s Taxonomy level, which ties in with an Example Learning Objective (quote).
Level 1: Remember
list, recite, outline, define, name, match, quote, recall, identify, label, recognize.
"By the end of revising this lesson, I'll be able to recite the various marketing theories."
Level 2: Understand
describe, explain, paraphrase, restate, give original examples of, summarize, contrast, interpret, discuss.
"By the end of revising this lesson, I'll be able to describe various marketing theories in my own words."
Level 3: Apply
calculate, predict, apply, solve, illustrate, use, demonstrate, determine, model, perform, present.
"By the end of revising this lesson, I'll be able to determine the % effectiveness of the various marketing theories."
Level 4: Analyse
classify, break down, categorize, analyze, diagram, illustrate, criticize, simplify, associate.
"By the end of revising this lesson, I'll be able to differentiate the % effectiveness of the various marketing theories."
Level 5: Evaluate
choose, support, relate, determine, defend, judge, grade, compare, contrast, argue, justify, support, convince, select, evaluate.
"By the end of revising this lesson, I'll be able to determine which marketing theories corresponds to the respective % effectiveness."
Level 6: Create
design, formulate, build, invent, create, compose, generate, derive, modify, develop.
"By the end of revising this lesson, I'll be able to design a table showing which marketing theories corresponds to the respective % effectiveness."
Feeling enlightened? We certainly hope so! Using a "verb table" like the one above will help you avoid verbs that cannot be quantified, like: understand, learn, appreciate, or enjoy.
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The above information is adapted from Jessica Shabatura's article for the University of Arkansas. The above information is correct as on the date of listing. While every reasonable effort has been taken, errors may still arise. The author and publisher shall not be liable for any printing error, typo error or mistake.